Education & Professional Qualifications
LLB (Hons), Dip LP Aberdeen University (1982- 1987)
Professional Career to date
Devil masters: James Peoples QC, Derek Ogg QC
2002-2008: Second Standing Junior Counsel to Scottish Ministers
1993: Year of call
Ruth Crawford has a wide-ranging public law practice, and a wealth of experience in planning and environmental law (including major infra-structure and energy projects), commercial disputes, extradition, discrimination/equality, freedom of information, licensing, procurement, professional negligence and professional disciplinary/regulatory procedures, and social welfare law. Ruth has appeared in Courts and Tribunals at all levels in Scotland. She has particular experience of complex and lengthy litigation and inquiries, and is skilled in the strategic direction of those. In addition to appearance work, Ruth is frequently consulted to provide oral and written advice. She is instructed by the UK and Scottish Governments, local government and other public bodies (such as the Scottish Legal Aid Board, the Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission, the Serious Organised Crime Agency, the Scottish Police Federation, COSLA and the Financial Conduct Authority), as well as by corporations and firms. Ruth has an expertise in public procurement matters (and related areas of state aid and competition law), having been instructed on many occasions by both contracting authorities and by tenderers seeking advice about procurement exercises.
Ruth is ranked in Chambers UK in the areas of administrative and public law, and planning and environment. Ruth is ranked as a leading silk in Legal 500 in the areas of civil liberties, human rights, public inquiries, and public and administrative law; and planning environment and licensing.
Courts & Tribunal Experience
Supreme Court, House of Lords, Court of Session (Inner and Outer House), High Court of Justiciary, Sheriff Court, Lands Tribunal, Land Court, Upper Tribunal, Public Inquiries, Parliamentary Bill Inquiries, European Court of Human Rights (written submissions)
Appointments & Memberships
National Library of Scotland, Board member
Scottish Arbitration Centre, Board member
United Kingdom Supreme Court Users Group, member
Access to Justice sub-committee of Scottish Civil Justice Council, member
Faculty of Advocates Dispute Resolution Service, Convener and accredited to provide expert determination
Faculty of Advocates, Disciplinary Rules:Panel of Prosecuting Counsel
Faculty of Advocates, Board of Assessors
Ad Hoc Advocate Depute
Second Standing Junior Counsel to Scottish Ministers: 2002-2008
Standing Junior Counsel to Keeper of the Land Registers: 2000-2002
Amicus Curiae: 2011, 2003 and 1998
2011 – Inquiry under the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997 into development of a new village at Perth West (for Perth and Kinross Council)
2010 – Parliamentary Bill Inquiry into the new Forth Road Crossing (for Transport Scotland)
2007 – Public Inquiry under the Electricity Act 1989 into the construction of an extra high voltage overhead transmission line between Beauly and Denny (for Highland Council, Perth and Kinross Council, Stirling Council and Cairngorms National Park Authority)
East Ayrshire Council v Scottish Ministers 
Challenge to consent of a wind farm, including to the refusal to hold a public inquiry. Ruth acted for EAC. The case settled extra-judicially.
Uprichard v Scottish Ministers  UKSC 21, 2013 UKSC 219; 2012 SC 172,  CSIH 59
Challenge to the approval of the Fife Structure Plan. Ruth acted for the Scottish Ministers in the Supreme Court and Inner House to successfully oppose the appeal.
Dawn Developments Ltd v Scottish Ministers  CSOH 154
Appeal against Reporter’s refusal of planning permission for large retail development at East Kilbride, and his approach to retail impact assessment.
William Grant & Sons Distillers Ltd v Scottish Ministers  CSOH 98
Important case about the difference in approach between section 36 consent under the Electricity Act 1989 and section 57 planning consent under the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997.
Greenland Developments (UK) Ltd v Scottish Ministers  CSIH 3
Appeal against refusal of planning permission to construct flats in Stockbridge, Edinburgh. Court addresses the proper construction of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) (Appeals) Regulations 2008.
Hallam Land Management Ltd v Scottish Ministers 2009 SC 347
Case concerned a certificate of appropriate alternative form of development and whether the planning authority had taken account of the “no scheme” world.
Moray Council v Scottish Ministers 2006 SC 691
Appeal in respect of a windfarm development. Inner House approves the approach in South Bucks District Council v Porter (No 2)  1 WLR 1953 in respect of reasons challenges.
Lafarge Aggregates Ltd v Scottish Ministers 2004 SC 524
Interpretation of an old minerals planning permission in respect of a quarry on Harris.
Construcciones v Strathclyde Partnership for Transport 
Ruth acted for SPT in this challenge to the procurement for the new Glasgow underground system. The case raised issues relating to the construction of the procurement documents, and time bar. The case settled extra-judicially.
Ibena Textilwerke v Scottish Fire and Rescue Service 
Ibena challenged an award of a contract to supply PPE. Ruth acted for SFRS and argued that Ibena were not an "economic operator" as they did not offer to supply the PPE. They were manufacturers of textiles used in PPE. The action settled extra-judicially.
Kenman Holdings v Comhairle nan Eilean Siar  CSOH 170
Ruth acts for CnES. CnES successfully argued in the Outer House that the petitioner was barred by mora. The procurement was a concession contract so the Regulations did not apply. The petitioner has reclaimed, and amended the case to argue that the action is in effect a private right of action.
British Telecommunications plc v Common Services Agency  CSOH 44
Ruth acted for the pursuer in this challenge under public procurement regulations to the award of a multi-million contract. This is the first case in Scotland where the pursuer succeeded in establishing a breach of the relevant Regulations. The case continues on the question of damages.
Dunfermline Building Society v Dickerson 
An ongoing action for reduction of a lease entered in breach of commercial loan conditions. Ruth acts for the pursuers.
HWE v Highland Council 
The pursuers seek damages arising from the termination of a call-off contract for supply of bio-mass energy. HC, for who Ruth acts, counter claim for damages.
Taylor Wimpey UK Ltd v Angus Council 
TW seek declarator that it is entitled to access certain land because it is a "road" within the meaning of the Roads (Scotland) Act. Ruth acts for TW.
Kirby v Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd 
Application to Lands Tribunal for compensation/injurious affection arising from compulsory purchase of land to construct the Borders Railway. Ruth acts for Network Rail.
Glen Clyde Whisky Ltd v Campbel Meyer  CSOH 79
In this action, Ruth acted for the defenders. The case concerned the proper construction of a contract for the supply of whisky.
Trygort (No 2 ) Ltd v UK Home Finance Ltd 2009 SC 100
Exercise of a break option. Construction of lease, and whether a prior (albeit remedied) breach precluded tenant from exercising its option as it had been in breach of its obligations “at any time”.
PIK Facilities v Shell UK and BP Oil  CSOH 14
Construction of commercial lease, and whether it was competent for landlord to seek specific implement following termination of the lease.
Campbell v Scottish Ministers and others 
Former prisoner seeks damages in respect of his being cuffed during hospital visits, alleging breaches of his Article 3 and 8 rights. Ruth acts for the third defenders to argue that the action is time-barred under HRA.
Barnes - Petition for Judicial Review 
In this action, a police officer seeks a declaration about his duty hours. The respondents argue that he has an alternative remedy in the Employment Tribunal. The case raises important legal and policy issues regarding the status of police officers.
A v Secretary of State for Home Office 
Ruth is instructed to oppose the Secretary of State's appliation for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court, and appear in the Supreme Court if the application is granted. The case concerns the claim of a spouse (subject to domestic violence) of a refugee to remain indefinitely in the UK.
Dualeh v Glasgow City Council 
Ruth acted for GCC in this judicial review challenging an age assessment. The case settled extra-judicially.
Khan v Financial Conduct Authority 
Ruth acts for the FCA in this appeal against sanctions imposed by the Upper Tribunal against a former mortgage adviser for misconduct.
William Beggs - petition for Judicial Review, SLAB 
Ruth successfully acted for SLAB to oppose leave to judicially review a refusal of legal aid in respect of an appeal in another action to the Supreme Court.
McGeoch v The Lord President of the Council  UKSC 63;  CSOH 67
Prisoner challenged his disenfranchisement to vote on Scottish Parliament, European Parliament and local elections. The challenge was brought under EU law, arguing that the petitioner had a directly effective right to vote, and that EU citizenship rights could extent to “internal” situations.
Comhairle Nan Eilean Siar v Scottish Ministers  CSOH 2094;  CSIH 6 and  CSIH 45
Challenge to call-in by Scottish Ministers of decisions to close schools in Western Isles Court address the proper construction of the Schools (Consultation) (Scotland) Act 2010, and the extent of the call-in power.
Scottish Ministers v Stirton and Anderson  CSIH 81, 2014 SC 218, 2013 SLT 1141;  CSOH 81
Ruth acted for the petitioners in this long-running and complex case to recover the proceeds of crime. The proof itself lasted over 100 days. The reclaiming motion provides clear authority on a number of issues, including the definition of extortion, the standard of proof, bias, and public interest immunity, as well as addressing A1,P1 ECHR.
M and others v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions 2013 UT
An appeal to the Upper Tribunal challenging the SSWP’s process of converting IS/IB awards to ESA. The appeal addresses the correct construction of the relevant Regulations, and the consequences of any failure to comply therewith.
Axa General Insurance & Others v Lord Advocate and Advocate General  UKSC 46
Ruth appeared for the Advocate General in respect of what was the proper scope of any common law review of an ASP.
K v Advocate General 
As amicus curiae. The case concerned the competency of a Rule of Court applying the “second appeals” test to applications for leave to appeal from the Upper Tribunal to the Court of Session.
O’Neill Petition for Judicial Review and Note of Objections  CSOH 79
Construction of the Legal Aid (Scotland) Act and Regulations on the question of Counsel’s fees.
Lloyds Pharmacy v National Appeal Panel  CSIH 55
Provision of pharmaceutical services in cases of relocation of a pharmacy.
B v Scottish Ministers  SLT 537
A patient sought to be discharged from a hospital order following conviction. Discussion of the test of “risk of serious harm”, standard of proof, and weight and quality of evidence.
Scottish Ministers v Doig 2009 SC 474
Proceeds of Crime Act 2002. Appeal raised issues about the standard of proof and whether the proceedings were a breach of Article 6, ECHR.
Niven v Lord Advocate 2009 SLT 676
Scope of the right under Article 2, ECHR to an inquiry following an unexplained death. A prosecution, albeit unsuccessful, would normally be sufficient to discharge the state’s obligation under Article 2. Article 2 does not guarantee a result.
Infant and Dietetic Foods Association Ltd v Scottish Ministers (No 2) 2008 SLT 723
EU Directive, and whether it had been correctly transposed. Consideration of reference to ECJ.
Common Services Agency v Scottish Information Commissioner 2009 SC (HL) 184
Appeal to House of Lords about disclosure of personal data, and the relationship between the Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002 and the Data Protection Act 1998.
Campbell v Lord Advocate 2006 JC 265
Extradition appeal, and consideration of test of if a delay was “unjust or oppressive” and of deliberate absence from trial.
Greens Planning Encyclopaedia, Author of Chapter on section 75 agreements.
Ruth is ranked in Chambers UK in the areas of administrative and public law; planning and environment and public procurement law. Chambers note about Ruth that “She is a very smooth operator in Court”, “She speaks with great authority, she’s highly impressive in Court” and that “She has a very good grasp of detail and is always highly familiar with her brief. She presents clearly and concisely”.
Ruth is ranked as a leading silk in Legal 500 in the areas of civil liberties, human rights, public inquiries, and public and administrative law; and planning environment and licensing. Legal 500 comments that Ruth has “a rare ability to absorb vast amounts of information and get immediately to the issue in hand”.